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Four Power Agreement 1933

De The Militant, May 26, 13, 1933, p. 2. First published in German in Unser Wort, an organ of the German left opposition. Transcribed & marked by Einde O`Callaghan for the Internet archives of Marxists. In the context of the Great Depression and the seizure of power by the Nazis, Benito Mussolini called on March 19, 1933, for the creation of the Pact of the Four Powers, the best way to guarantee international security. According to the plan, small nations would have less participation in the politics of the great power. Representatives of Britain, France, Germany and Italy signed a watered-down version of Mussolini`s Four Powers Pact. The main reason for proposing the pact was the desire to strengthen ties with France. Although Mussolini`s goal was to calm Europe`s nerves, the pact actually produced the opposite result. The treaty reaffirmed each country`s commitment to the League of Nations Pact, the Locarno Treaties and the Kellogg-Briand Pact.

The Pact of the Four Powers, the son of fascist dictator Mussolini` thought, was a diplomatic treaty intended to guarantee a greater voice to the four most powerful powers in Europe: Italy, Germany, France and Britain. Hitler and all the other imperialist powers, however, are obliged to go to war. The increase in economic activity has not yet arrived. The internal contradictions and contradictions between the powers themselves are getting worse every day. These contradictions must be put in advance. There is only one adversary that can reach an agreement to annihilate closely related international financial capitalism – and that is the Soviet Union. In the boudoirs of diplomats are already circulating secret cards that go from hand to hand and on which are inscribed the new borders to the East. It is about dividing one-sixth of the Earth, and its appetite is enormous. Adolf Hitler`s rise to power was reason enough to propose alternative regimes of power.

But what began as an alternative to the League of Nations ended with a renewed dedication to this failing institution. Hitler was ready to accept the baseless triumph of the death of the League of Nations. [4] The pact quickly failed, but Britain, in particular, did not reject the idea of the pact so easily. Germany`s exit from Confederation froze the pact. The pact of the four powers was of little importance, but was not totally without merit. [2] The pact of the four powers was to be a solution to the exploitation of the balance of power, which interested Italy and is also addressed to the British. First, Article 5 of the draft treaty (of Mussolini) provides that the four powers – to which Poland, the Little Entente, Japan in the East and America can adhere as protectors of the whole project – are trying to adopt a common line outside Europe and in colonial affairs. . . .

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